The earth possesses numerous beauties, both natural and man-made, that are a sight to behold. The seven wonders of the modern world is a collection of remarkable buildings and sites that have survived through time and till today raise questions of the technology and materials involved building them. In the year 2000, a campaign was launched in which over 100 million people voted for which sites to be included in the list below.
GREAT WALL OF CHINA
Top of the list is the ancient but beautiful Great wall of China. It was made from stone and earth between the 5th century B.C. and the 16th century to protect the borders of the Chinese Empire from Mongol invaders. The archaic but strong collection of bricks sits across approximately 4,000 miles landing it a spot in the Guinness Book of World records for the longest man-made structure. As you walk through the bridge on the wall, you will not fail to appreciate the breathtaking view that the surroundings offer to its audience.
CHRIST THE REDEEMER
Following in no particular order, Christ the Redeemer, a tall-standing statue of Jesus rests somewhere in Rio de Janeiro called Mount Corcovado. Shortly after World War I, some Brazilians proposed a statue to preserve the presence of God in the area. The statue was designed by Paul Landowski, Heitor Carlos and Oswald da Silva Costa. Construction took place in the year 1926 up until 1931. The monument erects up to 98 feet tall excluding the base estimated at 26 feet high. The statue’s open arms are as wide as 92 feet.
Most people believe Love is the greatest element, that’s probably why the next site is a wonder of the world. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum found in Agra, India that was built as a dedication to the wife of Emperor Shah Jahan, Mumtaz Jahal. The white marble-showered mausoleum is a product of pure geometric art featuring a beautiful garden that includes a stretched glass-like pool. The building started in 1932 and took 22 years to be completed with about 20,000 builders on site.
THE ROMAN COLOSSEUM
Next on the list is, The Roman Colosseum in Rome. In the first century, the Emperor Vespasian ordered the 620 by 513 feet amphitheater to be built to entertain up to 50,000 spectators who watched a variety of events in the arena. It features a complex system of vaults where captured animals and Christian Martyrs were allegedly held and killed. It is estimated that about 500,000 people died in the Colosseum.
The Machu Picchu, an Incan site rests on the outskirt of Cuzco, Peru. It is set at the top of the Incan Empire and was built in the mid-1400s. Its resting position between two Andean peaks leaves room for one of the most captivating landscape views. In 1911, Hiram Bingham discovered the location. He believed it belonged to a secret Incan stronghold used as a rebellion against Spanish rule during the 16th-century; the claim was eventually dismissed. Many people believe that it was a site for pilgrimages, while others assume it was a royal retreat.
Also, among sandstone mountains lies a remote valley in the ancient city of Petra, Jordan. It is believed that the city was inhabited by the Arabs and Nabataens from around 9 BC to 40 AD. It is popularly known for its constructed water system that allowed for farming and beautiful gardens. Petra apparently had a population of 30,000 in its prime. It experienced two major earthquakes within 200 years which caused the city to eventually become abandoned but the cliffs still present give an overview of the ancient city.
Lastly, The Mayan culture is respected for their genius and astronomical abilities shown in the El Caracol Pyramid set in the ruins of Chichen Itza, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. It is said to have thrived approximately between 800 AD to 1200 AD as the economic and political capital of the Mayan civilization. The astronomical beauty of the El Caracol is seen as the steps on the pyramid amount to 365 steps, the same number of the days of the year. Then, during sunsets in autumn and spring, an illusion is seen on the pyramid of a snake slithering down the stairs.